Architect is an Important Profession in Construction, Check Out the Guide!

Architects play an important role when preparing for building construction. An architect will assist his clients in designing buildings with the right calculations and designs. Then what is the role of the architect and what types?

Definition of architect

According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), the architect profession is someone who is an expert in designing and drawing buildings, bridges, and so on, usually as well as supervising their construction.

Architect is a word that comes from the French, architecte, Latin architectus, and Greek arkhitekton which means "chief craftsman, head of building projects".

Broadly speaking, the architect is the person in charge of planning and designing buildings, especially in terms of functionality, aesthetics, and concepts. But actually, the architect profession is a job that does not only take care of the physical building, but also covers a wider scope such as building complexes, urban contexts, or areas.

In larger projects, the architect's job is as a director who exercises control over the contractor's work. That is, if he sees deviations, he has the right to stop the project or to instruct rework or repairs.

Architect's roles and duties

1. Intermediary between client and contractor

Architect is a profession that has a number of roles, the first of which is to be a bridge between clients and contractors. In practice, even though the contractor is working on the project, communication will occur more often with the architect.

Because he will translate the client's wishes to the contractor in a more understandable language. In technical terms, this is important and can only be done by people who are knowledgeable in the field.

2. Road supervisor of the construction process

Architects will usually be involved in a number of phases such as building design, selection of building materials, implementation of construction, and so on. With the presence of the architect, the client does not need to carry out daily inspections to the site.

3. The architect's job is to "translate" the client's concept as desired

No matter how good the client's imagination will be, the explanation will be easier to do through pictures. That's what the architect does: he brings everything in the realm of the client's imagination to the sketch. If it is so, the contractor will be easier to execute.

4. Accompany clients from start to finish

This is important. If the client uses the services of an architect, all problems in development affairs will be able to be poured out. After that, the architect's job is to provide solutions to these problems

Architect's equipment

Like any other profession, an architect also has work equipment. Here are some of the commonly used ones.

  1. Drawing media – such as sketchbooks, tracing paper, or plain opaque paper with various sizes available in the market
  2. Drawing tools – such as various hardness pencils, rapido, or drawing pens
  3. Ruler – this also comes in various types. Can be angled ruler, protractor ruler, or triangle ruler
  4. Drawing table or drawing machine – both are needed to get good image quality. For more accurate and precise results, use a drawing machine, which is usually equipped with a vertical and horizontal ruler
  5. Software – technological advances touch the world of architecture. Through software such as AutoCAD, 3D Studio Max, ArchiCAD, and Google SketchUp. It will also help the smooth running of the construction project.

Architect's responsibilities

Here are six responsibilities of an architect that can be noted:

Working on the design concept - the task of the architect is the person who makes the design concept. He must verify all data and information from the client in order to create analysis and data processing to create the program and concept.

Design – from there, he will translate it in the form of drawings. In this phase, the architect's task is to summarize the projected building area, construction system, required materials, construction time, and costs

Design development – ​​this is the stage when a more detailed design of the construction system, building materials, structure and construction cost estimates, is made

Creating working drawings – detailed drawings and descriptions are submitted.

Procurement of construction execution – processing working drawings into technical document formats such as RAB, volume lists, etc.

Carry out periodic supervision – an architect must periodically review and supervise the project in the field.

Types of Architects

1. Tiny house architect

It is important to be able to contribute ideas and expertise to clients who live in residential areas that prioritize the aesthetic side of architecture. For a small house, it means that there must be a special design for its needs. Among them is the need to keep prioritizing the open plan concept in the room, highlighting different personalities, or avoiding rigidity in the building facade.

2. Landscape design architect

This type is classified as a landscape architect. The focus is on the use of outdoor spaces such as gardens, parks, campus environments, housing, or public spaces. This type of architect profession aims to create harmony in the outdoor environment. Usually they should have extensive knowledge of the types of plants and materials suitable for different seasons.

3. Minimalist home architect

Profession in the category of residential architect. He is usually able to translate the wishes of clients who want a classy, ​​exclusive, modern minimalist home design, and even has a high taste.

4. Industrial architect (industrial architect)

To provide support in the function of the industrial area, the architect's job is to know every industrial process in the building he is going to design. Therefore, he must be an expert as well as knowledgeable in various industrial processes.

5. Green building architect (green design)

As the effects of climate change begin to be felt in various regions of the world, there is a need for green buildings. One type of architect is a green building who has the responsibility to design environmentally friendly and energy efficient buildings.

Specific skills that must be possessed are knowledge of aerodynamics, the movement of the sun and its shadow, the ability to recycle, as well as knowledge of various environmentally friendly materials.

The profession of architect is now increasingly in demand because the market demand for building houses is also getting higher. An explanation of the architect can be your guide in determining or choosing the right architect. For information on the latest design and house plan inspiration, check out other articles.

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